APA 7th Referencing Guide
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When you have included information from published sources in your work, you must acknowledge it fully and accurately by:
- identifying your sources, in a brief format, in the body of your written work (referred to as an in-text citation)
- providing a detailed list of your sources in an alphabetical list at the end of your work (known as a reference list)
We recommend you read through the introduction to our guide if you are new to referencing or the APA 7th style. It covers the main rules of citing and referencing.
The University referencing style is APA 7th. However, some departments use slightly varying rules, so please check your module handbook. Law students use OSCOLA, please see the Law subject guide.
Please see the University's official guide to referencing using APA 7th (PDF download).
We also provide a quick guide to referencing in two formats:
Use the links below for guidance on referencing specific types of sources, and reference builders (where available). A PDF guide for each source is also available on each page.Please note: it is your responsibility to proof-read your references carefully and correct any errors.
Click on the appropriate resource below to find out how to compile your reference. Some resources (but not all) include a reference builder.
- Brightspace: lecture notes, module handbooks
- Computer code, software and apps
- Conference papers and poster sessions
- Film, television, radio, video
- Financial data
- Images (including photographs, illustrations)
- Journals, trade publications or magazines
- Leaflets, pamphlets, brochures
- Music / sound recording
- Newspaper articles
- Official publications
- Personal communication
- Social media
- Standards and patents
- Tables/graphs and figures
- Theses and dissertations
Reference management software
Further helpOfficial APA 7th guidance
- American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Available in University of Huddersfield Library at 808.06615 PUB.
- American Psychological Association. (2020). APA blog. https://apastyle.apa.org/blog/
- Contact your Subject Librarians via email library or there are further contact details
- Contact your Academic Skills Tutors in your department.
- Look at the Library Glossary to understand the definitions of words used in citation and referencing.
- We welcome any comments and suggestions about this guide at library
For returning students, please see this document (PDF download) for a summary of the changes from APA 6th to 7th.
For those students who are completing their degree within the next few months (e.g. in 2020), we have retained the APA 6th guide (PDF download) for consultation. Please confirm the style with your tutor before submitting.