APA Referencing Guide — Illustrations and photographs
Images – illustrations, photographs referencing guide (PDF download).
- If artist or photographer is unknown, start your reference with the image title.
- If you are unable to find the year of publication use n.d. (no date).
- When the author and publisher/ website are the same name, do not include the publisher/ website name in the reference list.
- All images should be written as numbered figures so you can refer to them in your work.
- Refer to your image by their figure number not their location in the text, e.g. see Figure 2 rather than see Figure 2 below/ above/ adjacent.
- The figure number (e.g. Figure 1) appears above the table in bold font.
- The image title appears one double-spaced line below the table number in italic title case, e.g. Eastern Grey Kangaroo.
- You need to check whether a copyright attribution is required to include an image in your work.
- Add the copyright attribution or normal citation (author/ date) in a note below the image.
- The copyright attribution consists of the same elements as the reference list entry, but in a different order (title, author, date, site name, URL), followed by the name of the Creative Commons License.
- The original source is included in the reference list.
Choose the most relevant link below: