APA Referencing Guide — Personal Communications

University of Huddersfield

APA Referencing Guide — Personal communications

Emails, letters, and personal interviews.

In-text Reference Reference List
  • Provide the initials and surname of the communicator
  • Indicate that it is a personal communication
  • It is good practice to seek permission from the communicator before using it as a reference.

Personal communications are often unrecorded and very hard to verify. For that reason they do not appear in your reference list.

...while "leisure is often the first thing to suffer when funds are tight" (D. S. North, personal communication, August 1, 2010).


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last updated: Fri 07/Jul/2017 at 1:33pm