APA 7th Referencing Guide — Telephone Calls/ Emails/ Personal Interviews

University of Huddersfield

APA Referencing Guide — Telephone calls/ emails/ personal interviews


  • Do not include personal communication in your reference list, as this type of information is not available for the reader to use.
  • Only include as a citation if the interviewee has agreed to be quoted.
Format and order
  • Interviewee, (initial followed by full stop, followed by family name, followed by comma)
  • personal communication (followed by comma)
  • Date (Month day, followed by comma, followed by year)
In-text citation

"I found it challenging due to being away from my family" (F. Abdella, personal communication, September 1, 2018)…

web page URL: /pages/referencing-telephoneemailspersonal/
last updated: Thu 28/Oct/2021