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- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- I. FOUNDATIONS OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY 1. Scientific Movements Leading to Evolutionary Psychology Landmarks in the History of Evolutionary Psychology Evolution before Darwin Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection Darwin's Theory of Sexual Selection The Role of Natural and Sexual Selection in Evolutionary Theory The Modern Synthesis: Genes and Particulate Inheritance The Ethology Movement The Inclusive Fitness Revolution Clarifying Adaptation and Natural Selection Trivers's Seminal Theories The Sociobiology Controversy Common Misunderstandings About Evolutionary Theory Misunderstanding 1. Human Behavior is Genetically Determined Misunderstanding 2. If It's Evolutionary, Then We Can't Change It Misunderstanding 3. Current Mechanisms are Optimally Designed Milestones in the Origins of Modern Humans BOX 1.1 Out of Africa versus Multiregional Origins Landmarks in the Field of Psychology Freud's psychoanalytic theory Williams James and the Psychology of Instincts The Rise of Behaviorism The Astonishing Discoveries of Cultural Variability The Garcia effect, Prepared fears, and Decline of Behaviorism Peering into the Black Box: The Cognitive Revolution Summary Suggested Readings 2. The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology The Origins of Human Nature Three Theories of the Origins of Adaptive Mechanisms The Three Products of Evolution Levels of Evolutionary Analysis in Evolutionary Psychology The Core of Human Nature: Fundamentals of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms All Species Have a Nature Definition of an Evolved Psychological Mechanism Important Properties of Evolved Psychological Mechanisms Methods for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses Comparing Different Species Comparing Males and Females Comparing Individuals within a Species Comparing the Same Individuals in Different Contexts Experimental Methods Sources of Data for Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses Archeological Records Data From Hunter-Gatherer Societies Observations Self-Reports Life-History Data and Public Records Human Products Transcending the Limitations of Single Data Sources Identifying the Adaptive Problems Guidance of Modern Evolutionary Theory Guidance from Knowledge of Universal Human Structures Guidance from Traditional Societies Guidance from the Paleoarcheology and Paleoanthropology Guidance from Current Mechanisms Guidance from Task Analysis Organization of Adaptive Problems Summary Suggested Readings II. PROBLEMS OF SURVIVAL 3. Survival Problems and Solutions Food Acquisition and Selection Food Selection in Rats Food Selection in Humans Why Humans Like Spices: The Antimicrobial Hypothesis Why Humans Like to Drink Alcohol: An Evolutionary Hangover? Sickness in Pregnant Women: The Embryo Protection Hypothesis The Hunting Hypothesis The Gathering Hypothesis Comparing the Hunting and Gathering Hypotheses The Scavenging Hypothesis Adaptations to Gathering and Hunting: Sex Differences in Specific Spatial Abilities Finding a Place to Live: Shelter and Landscape Preferences The Savanna Hypothesis Combating Predators and Other Environmental Dangers: Fears, Phobias, Anxieties, and "Evolutionary Memories" Most Common Human Fears Children's Anti-Predator Adaptations BOX 3.1 The Adaptive Conservation Hypothesis of Fears Combating Disease Are Humans Programmed to Die? The Theory of Senescence The Puzzle of Suicide Summary Suggested Readings III. CHALLENGES OF SEX AND MATING 4. Women's Long-Term Mating Strategies Theoretical Background for the Evolution of Mate Preferences Parental Investment and Sexual Selection Mate Preferences as Evolved Psychological Mechanisms The Content of Women's Mate Preferences Preference for Economic Resources Preference for Good Financial Prospects Preference for High Social Status Preference for Older Men Preference for Ambition and Industriousness Preference for Dependability and Stability Preference for Size and Strength Preference fo
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