- Maltby, John, 1969-
- Day, Liz.
- Macaskill, Ann.
- Personality and intelligence.
- Individual differences
- 0131297600 (pbk.) :
- 9780131297609 (pbk.)
- 1408212463 (e-book)
- 9781408212462 (e-book)
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- Formerly CIP.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- Contents Part 1 Personality Chapter 1 Personality Theory in Context Key Themes Learning Outcomes Introduction General population perspectives: implicit personality theories Problems with implicit theories How is personality defined? Lay definitions of personality Psychological definitions of personality The aims of studying personality The source of the term 'personality' Approaches to studying personality: idiographic versus nomothetic Describing personality Distinctions and assertions in personality research Effects of personality versus situational effects Measurement issues Strands of personality theorising The clinical approach and its history Individual differences emphasis on personality and its history Studying personality as a personal experience Reading critically and evaluating theories The cultural context of personality theories Final comments Summary Going Further Suggestions for further reading Web links Connecting Up Chapter 2 The Basis of the Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality Key Themes Learning Outcomes Introduction Description of Freud's theory of personality Levels of consciousness The nature of human beings and the source of human motivation The structure of the personality The development of personality Defence mechanisms Repression Denial Projection Reaction formation Rationalisation Conversion reaction Phobic avoidance Displacement Regression Isolation Undoing Sublimation Clinical Applications of Freudian theory Evaluation of Freudian theory Description Explanation Empirical validity and testable concepts Comprehensiveness Parsimony Heuristic value Applied value Final comments Summary Critical Thinking Class discussion points Essay questions Going Further Suggestions for further reading Web links Film and literature Connecting Up Chapter 3 Developments of Freudian Theorising Key Themes Learning Outcomes Introduction Individual psychology of Alfred Adler Inferiority feelings Personality development in Adlerian terms Birth order Characteristics of the neurotic personality Adlerian treatment approaches Evaluation of Adler's individual psychology theory Carl Jung and analytic psychology Structures within the psyche Jungian personality types Jung's conception of mental illness and its treatment Evaluation of Jung's theory The psychology of Karen Horney Essentials of Horney's theoretical position The development of the personality and the neurotic personality Defence mechanisms Penis envy and female masochism Evaluation of Horney's theory Final comments Summary Critical Thinking Discussion questions Essay questions Going Further Suggestions for further reading Web links Film and literature Connecting Up Chapter 4 Learning Theory Perspectives on Personality Key Themes Learning Outcomes Introduction Introduction to learning theory The clinical perspective within classical conditioning The radical behaviourism of B. F. Skinner Attempts to apply learning theory approaches to personality The stimulus-response model of personality of dollard and miller Albert Bandura and social learning theory Learning within Bandura's model Personality development in social learning theory Self-efficacy as a self-regulatory process Increasing self-efficacy ratings Measuring self-efficacy Julian Rotter and locus of control The impact of locus of control on behaviour Walter Mischel The impact of Mischel Evaluation of learning theory approaches Description Explanation Empirical validity Testable concepts Comprehensiveness Parsimony Heuristic value Applied value Summary Critical Thinking Class discussion questions Essay questions Going Further Suggestions for further reading Web links Film and literature Connecting Up Chapter 5 Cognitive Personality Theories Key Themes Learning Outcomes Introduction Theory of personal constructs of George A. Kelly The view of the person in Kelly's theory Concepts within Kelly's theory Personality development according to Kelly Assessing personality i
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