- Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas.
- BPS textbooks in psychology
- 1405130091 (paperback) :
- 9781405130097 (paperback) :
- 1405130083 (pbk. : alk. paper)
- 9781405130080 (pbk. : alk. paper)
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- Includes bibliographical references and index.
- 1 Introducing individual differences: From everyday to psychological questions: 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Personality: A commonsense idea 1.3 Describing individuals 1.4 Abnormality 1.5 Intelligence, competition, and adaptation 1.6 Predicting success 1.7 Born different? 1.8 Other abilities 1.9 Variability and change: Motivation and mood states 1.10 Creativity 1.11 Leading the way 1.12 Interests 2 Personality, Part I: 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Overview and approaches 2.3 Definition of personality traits 2.4 History of personality 2.5 Personality traits and states: Dispositional vs. situational approaches 2.6 Eysenck's Gigantic Three and the biological basis of personality traits 2.7 Self-report inventories 2.8 The biological basis of personality 2.9 Gray's personality theory 2.10 Cattell's 16PF and the lexical hypothesis 2.11 The Five-Factor Model (Big Five) 2.12 Summary and conclusions Key readings 3 Personality, Part II: Validating personality traits: 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Testing personality theories 3.2.1 Correlation 3.2.2 Regression analysis 3.2.3 Mediation, moderation, and structural equation modeling 3.3 Personality and social behavior 3.4 Personality and romantic relationships 3.5 Personality and performance 3.5.1 Personality and educational performance 3.5.2 Personality and job performance 3.6 Personality and health 3.7 Personality and happiness 3.8 Current developments outside the dispositional paradigm 3.8.1 Psychoanalysis and personality theory 3.8.2 Behaviorism and personality theory 3.8.3 Phenomenological personality theories 3.8.4 Social-cognitive theories of personality 3.8.5 Biological approaches to personality theory 3.8.6 Behavioral genetics 3.8.7 Evolutionary and cultural approaches to the study of personality 3.9 Summary and conclusions Key readings 4 Psychopathology: 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Defining abnormality 4.3 Historical roots of psychopathology 4.4 Modern approaches to psychopathology 4.4.1 Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic theories 4.4.2 Behaviorism 4.4.3 Cognitive revolution 4.4.4 Biological approaches 4.5 Integrative approaches to psychopathology: The biopsychosocial model 4.6 Diagnosis: Classifying psychological disorders 4.7 Major psychological disorders 4.7.1 Schizophrenia 4.7.2 Affective disorders 4.7.3 Anxiety disorders and obsessional states 4.7.4 Eating disorders 4.8 Criticisms of the diagnostic approach 4.9 Dimensional view of psychopathology and personality disorders 4.10 Summary and conclusions Key readings 5 Intelligence, Part I: 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Defining intelligence 5.2.1 Conceptualizing intelligence 5.3 History of intelligence testing 5.3.1 Galton's hereditary genius 5.3.2 J. M. Cattell's mental test 5.3.3 Binet and the origins of IQ testing 5.3.4 Spearman's g factor of general intellectual ability 5.3.5 Thurstone's "primary" mental abilities 5.4 Cattell's theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence 5.5 Genetic vs. environmental causes of intelligence 5.6 Piaget and the developmental theory of cognitive ability 5.7 The great debate: g vs. multiple abilities 5.8 Summary and conclusions Key readings 6 Intelligence, Part II: Validating intelligence - Correlates of IQ (causes and consequences): 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Wechsler's IQ scale 6.3 Intelligence at school and university: Educational outcomes 6.4 In the job: Occupational outcomes of intelligence 6.5 Intelligence, longevity, and health 6.6 Intelligence and social class 6.7 Race and sex differences in IQ: Facts, controversies, and implications 6.8 Sex differences in IQ 6.9 Even more basic: Decomposing intelligence 6.10 Summary and conclusions Key readings 7 Behavioral genetics: 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Early foundations of behavior genetics 7.3 DNA: Some background 7.4 The power of genes: Recent evidence for the heritability of intelligence 7.5 Intelligence and assortative mating 7.6 The importance of the environment 7.7 Biological
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