- Urban transportation -- United States -- Planning.
- Local transit -- United States -- Planning.
- Transportation engineering -- United States.
- 047175823X (hardback) :
- 9780471758235 (hardback)
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- Preface. Acknowledgments. 1 HISTORY AND ROLE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT. 1.1 Early Development of Cities. 1.1.1 Transportation and Locations of Cities. 1.1.2 Transportation and City Size. 1.1.3 Form and Structure of Cities. 1.1.4 The Industrial Revolution, Urbanization, and the Growth of Cities. 1.2 Beginnings of Public Transportation. 1.2.1 Public Transportation before the Nineteenth Century. 1.2.2 Horse--Drawn Omnibuses. 1.2.3 Horse--Drawn Tramways. 1.2.4 Mechanized Street Transit Technologies before 1880. 1.3 Invention of Electric Streetcars /Tramways. 1.3.1 Beginnings of Electric Streetcars in the United States. 1.3.2 Introduction of Electric Tramways in Europe. 1.4 Street Transit Development since 1900. 1.4.1 Streetcars /Tramways. 1.4.2 Motorbuses. 1.4.3 Trolleybuses. 1.5 Development of High--Speed Rail Transit Modes. 1.5.1 Suburban Railways/Regional Rail. 1.5.2 Electric Interurban Railways. 1.5.3 Rapid Transit /Metro. 1.6 Overview and Conclusions: Transit Development and Cities. 2 URBAN PASSENGER TRANSPORT MODES. 2.1 Transport System Definitions and Classification. 2.1.1 Classification by Type of Usage. 2.1.2 Transit Modes. 2.1.3 Transit System Components. 2.1.4 Transit System Operations, Service, and Characteristics. 2.2 Theory of Urban Passenger Transport Modes. 2.2.1 Evolution of a Transportation System in a Model Urban Area. 2.2.2 Review of Modal Features. 2.3 The Family of Transit Modes: Categories and Descriptions. 2.3.1 Paratransit. 2.3.2 Street Transit Modes. 2.3.3 Medium--Capacity Modes: Semirapid Transit. 2.3.4 High--Performance Modes: Rapid Transit. 2.3.5 Specialized Transit Modes. 2.3.6 Review of the Family of Regular Transit Modes. 2.3.7 Commuter Transit. 2.4 Trends in Transit Ridership and in Use of Different Modes. 2.4.1 Urban Travel and Transit Ridership. 2.4.2 Increasing Diversity of Transit Modes. 3 VEHICLE MOTION AND PERFORMANCE. 3.1 Vehicle Motion. 3.2 Resistance to Motion. 3.2.1 Vehicle Resistance. 3.2.2 Alignment Resistance. 3.3 Internal Combustion Engine Propulsion. 3.3.1 Characteristic Diagram for ICEs. 3.3.2 Speed--Tractive Effort Diagram: TE f(V). 3.3.3 Vehicle Motion Force as a Function of Speed. 3.4 Electric Propulsion. 3.4.1 Wayside Electric Power Supply and Its Distribution to Lines. 3.4.2 Propulsion Motors and Their Control. 3.4.3 Electronic Motor Control. 3.4.4 AC Propulsion Motors and Their Electronic Control. 3.4.5 Comparison of Motor Control Types. 3.4.6 Other Propulsion Systems. 3.4.7 Vehicle Acceleration Force. 3.4.8 Comparison of Electric and Diesel Propulsions. 3.5 Vehicle Acceleration, Braking, and Stopping Distances. 3.5.1 Adhesion for Wheel Traction. 3.5.2 Acceleration and Braking Forces and Distances. 3.6 Station--to--Station Travel Analysis. 3.6.1 Basic Variables of Vehicle Motion. 3.6.2 Regimes of Motion. 3.6.3 Travel Time Equations and Diagrams. 3.6.4 Sensitivity of Travel Time and Speed to Individual Parameters. 3.7 Energy Consumption and Efficiency. 3.7.1 Structure of Energy Consumption Analysis. 3.7.2 Influence of Operating Regimes. 3.7.3 Potential Energy Savings through Preprogrammed Driving. 3.7.4 Influence of Stop/Station Spacing. 3.7.5 Measures of Energy Consumption. 4 TRANSIT SYSTEM PERFORMANCE: CAPACITY, PRODUCTIVITY, EFFICIENCY, AND UTILIZATION. 4.1 Definitions of Quantitative Performance Attributes. 4.1.1 Basic Attributes. 4.1.2 Transportation Work and Productivity. 4.1.3 Transit System Efficiency and Productivity. 4.1.4 Consumption and Utilization. 4.2 Transit Line Capacity. 4.2.1 Definitions. 4.2.2 Vehicle Capacity. 4.3 Way Capacity. 4.3.1 Basic Elements. 4.3.2 Vehicle Control Categories in Transit Operation. 4.3.3 Operating Safety Regimes. 4.3.4 Impacts of Train Size and Control Characteristics. 4.3.5 Application of Equations to Different Modes. 4.4 Station Capacity. 4.4.1 Significance and Definitions. 4.4.2 Components and Influencing Factors. 4.4.
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